OriDB Curated Paper

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Characterization of a yeast replication origin (ars2) and construction of stable minichromosomes containing cloned yeast centromere DNA (CEN3).

C L Hsiao, J Carbon

Gene (1981), 15(2):157-66PubMed

A yeast DNA sequence (ars2), capable of supporting autonomous replication of plasmids, in yeast, has been characterized. The ars2 replicator occurs about 7 kb from the ARG4 gene on yeast chromosome VIII. Plasmids containing ars2 and the ARG4 gene transform yeast arg4 mutants to ARG4+ with high frequency (about 103 transformants/micrograms DNA) and replicate autonomously in the transformed cells. The ars2 plasmids are mitotically unstable and are readily lost from yeast cultures when grown under nonselective conditions. The addition of a DNA segment containing functional yeast centromere (CEN3) and an ars2 plasmid effectively stabilizes the plasmid against both mitotic and meiotic loss. The ars2-CEN3 minichromosomes replicate autonomously in controlled copy number while segregating in a typical Mendelian pattern (2+ :2-) during meiosis. The requirement for a separate replicator sequence for stable mitotic and meiotic maintenance of centromere-containing minichromosomes is equally satisfied by the presence of either ars1 or ars2. The centromere controls plasmid copy number to a low value (usually one) regardless of the type of replicator used.

OriDB annotation of this paper:

ARS assay


2D gel

None curated.

ChIP of replication origin proteins

None curated.

Replication timing

None curated.

Replication in hydroxyurea

None curated.

Predicted origins

None curated.

Confirmed sequence element

None curated.

Predicted sequence element

None curated.

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